Energy Efficiency In Power Generation

With natural gas prices being steadily on the rise, EIA reports indicate an expected decline in the usage of natural gas for power generation. The increasing costs of fossilized fuel resources, their limited availability and steady demand now make it mandatory for countries to consider energy saving means to utilise these resources for power generation.

Energy efficiency in power generation enables countries to harness precious natural resources in a sustainable manner. It has been observed and reported that conventional power plants generating electricity from natural resources tend to lose a major part of it during different stages of the process itself. For example, just 1% of the electricity generated at a conventional power plant is available for end use, in the case of domestic lighting. There are consistent energy losses at each stage of power generation, apart from losses during transmission and conversion at the end-user point.

Fossilized fuel sources theoretically offer high electricity generation efficiencies when compared to renewable or clean energy sources, except for water, as large scale hydro-electric power generation facilities tend to efficiently harness the power of water. The energy harnessed, however, should be fully utilised to justify the costs and efforts put into the process. Steam turbine-based power production results in approximately 65 % wastage in terms of heat generated during the process, while the type of fuel used also influences the energy efficiency of the system.

Cogeneration is an energy saving, sustainable alternative to conventional power production. The concept or technique involves an efficient power generation system that also utilises the heat or thermal energy generated from the system to heat spaces or water, or even to power adsorption chillers used for refrigeration purposes. This heat is otherwise rendered waste, resulting inefficient fuel usage. Gas turbines are extremely efficient in reclaiming heat lost in power production and are widely used in combined heat and power plants, and combined cycle power plants that are based on the concept of cogeneration.

With countries, such as Japan, set to decommission their ageing nuclear reactors to comply with standard safety protocols, demand for fossil fuels is certainly expected to be on the rise, making them even more costly. Efficient utilisation of these fuels, especially for power generation, is the only way to make the process sustainable and cost-efficient.

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Green Deal – The Biggest Energy Efficiency Drive In The Uk

The Green Deal UK aims to reduce CO2 emission and boost energy efficiency in the country. It has great potential to save large amount of money for householders and businesses, as well as to secure energy supplies for the future generation.

In December, 2010, the UK Government introduced the Energy Bill in the Parliament. The bill proposed ‘Green Deal’, that aims to revolutionise the energy efficiency in UK homes and businesses. The most ambitious energy efficiency drive in the UK to date, it enables private firms to offer green improvements to the residents and businesses at no upfront cost, and to recoup payments in instalments on the energy bill. The deal is an attempt by the UK Government to tackle the climate change and secure future energy supplies in the country.

The Green Deal is designed to encourage households and businesses in the UK to retrofit energy saving measures. The government has attempted to create a framework that allows selected private firms to provide energy saving measures to households and businesses without bringing additional costs to them. The policy makers consider it a long-term solution to energy related problems. It is expected to minimise the energy wastage, and help households and business-owners to save money when it comes to boost their energy efficiency. The Green Deal is the biggest ever shake-up in UK energy efficiency history.

Once it comes into force, the Green Deal will allow people to take out loans to improve the energy efficiency of their properties including insulation, heating and lighting. The loans which are to be attached to the property, will be paid back over a fixed period through the savings made on energy bills. As per the estimates, an average house will have 6000 of measures installed, that will be repaid in a time period of more than 25 years. The household will not be required to pay up-front installation cost. Since the repayment will be attached with the electricity meter, the scheme is open to all, without any inspection for credit history and employment status.

Under the Green Deal, people will be provided with financial support to improve the energy efficiency of their properties. Though the deal seems quite beneficial, government will have to take initiative to make it more effective. It’s needed to deliver the policies which encourage the public to take-up Green Deal. Additionally, the financial model must be attractive to the investors, i.e. the default risk should be minimum. In short, the government will have to establish a strong, recognisable Green Deal system that could create confidence and trust, both among potential consumers and service providers. However, the full detail could be available after the launch of Green Deal in 2012.

The Green Deal is open to all, homeowners, tenants, businessmen. If implemented properly, it will surely cut down the CO2 emission, and improve the energy efficiency in the country. If you’re also interested in this deal, and want to opt it, you can register your interest with a reputed company that provides this facility. Using Internet, you can find some reliable websites which help you apply for green deal. Considering your buying criteria, you can choose the best among them, and ensure a reduced energy bill and improved energy efficiency for your premise.

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Energy Efficiency of Cooktops

How energy efficient is the various types of cooktops? This is a question that everyone wants the answer to when they are shopping for cooktops. While most of the newer models of induction, electric and gas cooktops have acquired the Energy Star rating, some are still more eco-friendly than others. The key is to find the balance between your needs and those of the environment when shopping for cooktops. An appliance is not truly efficient if your productivity is decreased.

Induction cooktops are some of the very energy efficient types of cooktops on the market today. Because induction cooktops use the transfer of electromagnetic energy to heat the cookware rather than the cooktop, there is virtually no loss of energy. Approximately 90 percent of the energy produced is used. This means that induction cooktops may help you to save money on your electric bill each month as they offer some great energy saving benefits. Your kitchen will also stay cooler using these cooktops, thus reducing your monthly utility bills even more. If your primary concern is reducing your carbon footprint, then induction cooktops are probably the best choice for you.

Electric cooktops are another type of cooktops that help with energy efficiency. Today’s electric cooktops boast a number of features to reduce the loss of energy. Many models have duel size burners, reducing energy wasted from pans sitting on heating elements that are too big. Some electric cooktops also have an automatic shut-off feature if you accidentally leave the burner on. Many do not require as high of a voltage of electricity as induction cooktops, making the monthly operating costs slightly lower in some cases. If the green in your wallet is just as important as the green in the environment, electric cooktops may be the correct answer for you.

Gas cooktops are preferred by many as it offers a different cooking style. They are still a favorite among professional chefs and cooking enthusiasts. Gas cooktops may give you more control over the heat than induction cooktops or electric cooktops and, as a result, cook food more evenly. If cooking with gas is important to you, you can slightly increase the energy efficiency of gas cooktops by choosing a model with a lower BTU. Gas cooktops may cost less to operate each month depending on your rates for natural gas. With the cost of electricity on the rise, gas cooktops are definitely the gourmet, budget friendly choice for those looking for energy saving cooktops.

Once you decide whether induction cooktops, electric cooktops or gas cooktops best fit your needs, you should consider some of the durability factors of the various models within that category. Is the appliance insulated? Is it vented? The answer to these questions will help you to pick the cooktops that will work best for you and your situation.

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Metal roofs the new frontiers for the energy efficiency of houses

The metal roofing for large buildings that are an ideal solution for both efficiency and maintenance, since they are very resistant and can also enhance the buildings from the aesthetic point of view.

A tangible example of their application has had last December with the inauguration of the Ferrari World Abu Dhabi, the largest spatial structure in the world that is entirely covered by a metallic coating, efficient and aesthetically impressive. Even at the planning and engineering for the construction of the metal roof of the building has required great efforts but we must admit that the performance and end are short of initial expectations.

This is just one example of large-scale applications with high performance that can be obtained by roofing made of various metals, but the fact remains that the principles apply equally to smaller buildings that still need maintenance, but above all high efficiency.
The benefits that can be found in metal roofing are multiple and relate both to the scope of the environmental efficiency of the building by implementing both areas and amortizing the initial investment in no time.

First, it must be emphasized that the metal roof is an investment in real time since it requires no maintenance and does not deform over time, a feature that does not go to affect the ability to modify and relocate the structure. A privilege not just when you think how influential they are in the business budget costs for the maintenance of the structure and its efficient maintenance. The materials are of high quality despite also have a high cost as other types of coverage and thus the maintenance and the change in cost of raw materials and totally accessible. Also in front regarding the benefits of this coverage must be remembered that these are immune from the deterioration that instead affects roofs made of different material such as mold, bacteria, decomposition, and if placed properly sealed and allow a greater resistance to weather very well aggressive as wind, hail and ice, and their design allows you to easily throw them out or snow accumulations of leaves and other materials. Many others are also the absolute advantage as compared to crack and leak tightness and perfect seclusion from the outside.

Moving on, however, their application must be stressed that, thanks to the evolution that these covers have had over time, and thanks to the efforts of designers and architects who have tested it with hand applications and possible variants allowing to develop products that can be applied not only to industrial buildings and corporate offices (so far privileged places for the application of these types of coverage) but also to private homes that go well with contemporary lines and take energy efficiency and autonomy, unique and advanced to the ecological level. E ‘to stress that this type of coverage also allows for easy application of photovoltaic panels and other installations for the production of renewable energy, making it even easier to install these plants in a certain period after completion of the house.

Mht Making A Difference With Its Hybrid Energy Efficiency-energy Management System

Modern technology has given us a plethora of things to conserve energy and better manage our environment. One of the critical items on the list is the energy efficiency energy management system manufactured by MHT Lighting. This is an aspect of our world that thousands of individuals (especially investors) are looking into more carefully. Apparently, there is a promising future for the use of energy.

In general, there are a number of ways to manage energy. For example, its important to pay close attention to what will reduce expenses long-term. Most of us havent even given the idea a second thought, let alone done any research into what this phenomenon can do to benefit the economy or the environment. For this reason, it is easy to be misled due to lack of knowledge; and its hard to appreciate something we dont fully understand.

There is a wide variety of devices which will ultimately help conserve energy. The use of systems and products for the management of energy is highly effective and beneficial. For example, electric bills may be reduced by simply using energy efficient light bulbs and appliances. These devices are the ultimate energy-savers, and are highly recommended and should be given consideration by consumers and investors alike.

Many consumers prefer MHT products with hybrid energy efficiency. Consequently, its imperative to give careful attention to specific products for various needs. MHT products are ranked among the best due to extended warranties, which is an undeniable bonus. Thousands of people once doubted the stability of these products; however, solid foundations have alleviated the need for doubt or concern.

One of the most interesting MHT products is the SP1000. This piece of high-tech equipment reportedly brings efficiency to a minimum of 95 percent and reduces on-demand charges (proactively) by 60 percent. These effects create guaranteed, measurable savings on energy use. In addition, this handy equipment stores up to one year of important information for auditing purposes. The return on investment is usually 1-2 years; however, the savings are immense and certainly worth the time and investment!

In short, this device will avoid over-working valuable equipment and saves consumers their hard-earned dollars on the consumption of power. This is a tool which is software driven and offers real-time reporting and monitoring. One restaurant reported an initial energy bill of 15 thousand per month. Once the SP1000 was installed, the estimated savings was $1,800 each month! Thats a 12 percent decrease!

Apparently, there is a promising future for this type of hybrid energy. Lighting manufacturers will most likely be keeping an eye on this aspect of efficiency (for both energy and their pocket books). Many energy solutions in America are now founded on this process, implying that this sector of business is only destined to grow in leaps and bounds. Even more fantastic ideas and results are bound to branch out over the next decade. It would do the consumer well to keep an eye on this industry.

In todays economy, organizations, consumers and companies will expect more from each device or product purchased. The demand for excellent quality has reached an all-time high. America demands companies who will back their products for a very long time.

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How To Pay For Energy Efficiency Without A Bank Loan Or Tapping Your Business Equity

You might want to retrofit your existing building with energy efficient lighting, HVAC or upgrades to the building envelope in order to save money on energy costs, but youve first got to come up with the funding for those improvements. Do you provide the required capital or continue to face increased operating costs? The ROI on new, energy-efficient systems may be longer, but the equipment will perform more reliably while providing better working conditions and lowering energy costs along the way. Most business owners will assume that funding for energy efficient upgrades has to come from dipping into their equity in the facility, or from an outside funding source such as a bank loan.
Fortunately, there are alternative strategies that can be put into place to pay for energy efficiency projects by significantly lowering your tax burden. A cost segregation analysis identifies and reclassifies personal property assets to shorten the depreciation time for taxation purposes, which reduces current income tax obligations. Personal property assets include a buildings non-structural elements, exterior land improvements and indirect construction costs. Depreciation expense is accelerated and tax payments are decreased when an assets life is shortened, which frees up cash for investment in energy efficiency projects.
The benefits of a cost segregation study are retroactive, including buildings that have been purchased, constructed, expanded or remodeled since 1987. This allows taxpayers to recapture previously unrecognized depreciation, which increases cash flow in the current year.
Another tax benefit that can be applied to energy efficient construction or improvements is found in section 179D of the Energy Policy Act of 2005. 179D includes full and partial tax deductions for investments in energy efficient commercial buildings that are designed to increase the efficiency of energy-consuming functions. The deduction available is up to $.60 per square foot for lighting, HVAC and building envelope, creating potential for $1.80 per square foot if all three components qualify. These deductions are applicable to buildings that were either built or retrofitted after December 31, 2005. In order to qualify for the deduction, the taxpayer must receive a third party energy efficiency certification.
In addition, the issuance of Revenue Procedure 2011-14 will allow some taxpayers to claim the 179D deduction all the way back to January 1, 2006 without filing one single amended income tax return. Taxpayers who wish to take the deduction without amending any returns will file a Form 3115 (Application for Change in Accounting Method) and will get to take the entire catch up deduction on the return that is being filed. This means that a taxpayer could potentially claim deductions from 2006-2010 (or 2011) all on one return and significantly reduce their tax burden, if not eliminate it altogether, which goes a long way toward funding energy efficiency.
Instead of looking to outside sources or reducing your valuable equity to fund energy efficiency, look to your own building for the answers. Putting the right strategy into place can result in surprisingly significant savings and painless way to pay for your project.

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Going Green With Energy Efficient Window Replacements

Energy efficient replacement windows are an excellent way to give your home a green perspective. Inefficient windows can leave your home overheated in the summertime, and they will be cold and drafty in the winter. Energy efficient windows do more than help you regulate the temperature in your home; modern technology and designs also improve the decor and architecture of your home.

Cost, value, and green window replacement
There is so much written about “green” technology that it can be confusing for homeowners to decipher all of the “green” remodeling information that is available. Regardless of energy efficiency, the first question most homeowners want answered is how much the new replacement windows are going to cost.

With so many options for styles, colors, types of windows and levels of energy efficiency, the task of choosing the best windows may seem confusing. It is important to remember that even the most basic models of energy efficient replacement windows are tremendously effective, so let your budget be your primary consideration and work from there.

Energy savings of replacement windows
Energy savings are undoubtedly substantial with energy efficient replacement windows. Replacing old, inefficient windows will increase energy efficiency in your home by thirty percent or more. This means that the windows will begin to repay for the investment from the first month that they are installed.

In addition, the new windows will add value to the home in the event that you should decide to sell it in the future. Keep in mind that regardless of the cost of the window, installation costs remain relatively the same. The benefits of energy efficient windows cannot be measured only by their cost. Installation of energy efficient windows makes your home healthier and safer.

Window panes are a significant investment that should also be considered. Upgrading from a single pane to a double pane window will lower your annual heating cost by as much as 15 percent. This means that a homeowner can realize a savings of close to $2,000 during the lifespan of the window. Accordingly, triple panes and gas-filled windows will yield even greater overall efficiency.

Energy efficient window replacements in Greensboro, NC
The main reason that energy efficient replacement windows are so popular is because they are proven to increase the beauty and the comfort of your home. Let roofing companies replace your old, dilapidated windows with quality vinyl replacement windows.

These windows feature computer designed frames that are highly insulating and much stronger. They have been installing custom windows in Greensboro, NC, and the surrounding areas for decades. They offer a full line of energy efficient replacement windows that will save you money each month.

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Insulated Vinyl Siding For Increased Energy Efficiency

Vinyl siding is the choice of many homeowners and builders due to its durability, long life, and ease of installation. Unlike painted siding, it does not require repainting every four to five years, making it an essentially maintenance-free and economical choice over a long term. Simple cleaning or power washing on a yearly basis is all that is needed to keep this siding looking like new for many years.

Vinyl siding has improved greatly from its beginnings, resisting fading and warping like the earlier products were known to do. It is also now available in a vast range of colors and patterns, including wood, stone, and metal faux veneers that appear identical to these real materials from even short distances when expertly installed. For those who love the look of stone or cedar but not the expensive price tags, vinyl siding can offer the ideal solution.

One of the drawbacks of standard vinyl siding is that it doesn’t offer additional insulation. This issue has been addressed with the introduction of insulated siding that is now available from a number of manufacturers. It offers all of the advantages of other vinyl siding, plus many more.

Insulated vinyl siding can significantly reduce energy costs by increasing the home’s energy efficiency by four to five times over that of traditional vinyl. These savings can effectively pay for the siding in just a few years making insulated vinyl an even more economical siding choice.

The appearance and feel of insulated vinyl is more like wood siding due to increased firmness and stiffness. Traditional vinyl is flexible, following a structure’s bends and bumps that are ultimately highlighted by the material rather than masked. Insulated vinyl is inflexible, offering a smooth appearance like that of wood siding. It also offers greater protection from impact damage such as hail, storm debris, and accidental impacts from golf balls or baseballs that can so easily happen with busy, active families.

The thermal insulation that improves a home’s energy efficiency also has significant acoustical advantages, reducing the levels of noise from the outside. This results in an interior that is much more quiet and comfortable, especially for homes located near busy streets or intersections.

Of all the siding options available, it is little wonder that vinyl siding is the most popular for its beauty, durability, and maintenance-free advantages. Though it costs more up front than traditional vinyl, insulated vinyl offers even greater advantages with the significant money savings in energy costs. When considering siding choices, put insulated vinyl at the top of the list for economy and quality.

Nj Energy Audit Is First Step Toward Energy Efficiency

Through an NJ energy audit, you will achieve lower energy consumption and a whole lot better energy performance throughout your home. You can also considerably lower your energy bills and even improve the quality of air in your home. There is something more that an energy audit can give you. It can make you qualify for up to $5,000 dollar-for-dollar direct rebates that you can directly use for the overall upgrade of your energy-using materials. To top that, you can also qualify for $500 tax credits until December 2013 from the federal government. If your house is over 10 years old, you can qualify for this energy rebate. Other points for qualification are air conditioner compressor that is older than 8 years, furnace that has been more than 10 years in use, and water heater that is older than 5 years.

Energy Audit Process

Savings for you can only come from improved energy efficiency. It all starts with an energy audit from the experts, such as an NJ energy audit. A highly trained energy auditing technician will give your home a thorough technical inspection including your furnace, attic, and crawlspace areas. The technician will also inspect your water heater, appliances, and air conditioning units. The findings and the resulting recommendations will be included in a report that will be subsequently submitted by the technicians auditing company to the New Jersey Clean Energy Program.

Improved Home Heating

An upgrade to your home heating is one of the best ways to make energy use more efficient in your home. These upgrade and improvements can be done by such companies that perform heating repair in South Jersey. The result is an overall efficiency upgrade to your energy-consuming systems at home. These technical experts professionally inspect your home heating system and provide recommendations for its improvement. Some technical recommendations include the use of a better thermostat for better heat control, installation of more thermostats for heat control in individual rooms, and change into a new and energy-efficient furnace.

Efficiency Lowers Energy Costs

Only when heating and air conditioning appliances are repaired, improved, and upgraded can we be assured that energy efficiency can be achieved. Likewise, only energy efficiency can bring about reduced energy bills and costs. One of the best ways to achieve all these is through the repair of heating appliances by professionally trained companies that accomplish heating repair in South Jersey. These companies and their technicians do the most effective repairs after a thorough inspection of your heating appliances. The result is improved quality of air in your home and reduced energy costs.

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Bca 2012 Changes – Energy Efficiency – Section J & 6-star

There are only minor changes to the energy efficiency provisions in the newly released BCA 2012, volumes 1 and 2. Mostly the changes are to terminology and explanatory information, intended to clarify several of the provisions. There has been one change to Table J1.3a in Section J which is of particular note; the required R-Value for roof and ceiling construction in climate zones 4 and 5 have been amended to align with climate zones 1, 2 and 3.
See below for a full list of changes.

BCA 2012 Volume 1 “” Section J:

J0.2(a)(ii) – The reference to the 2006 edition of the ABCB Protocol for House Energy Rating Software Version has been removed. The deletion is a consequence of the recognition of NatHERS as the appropriate accreditation scheme for house energy rating software.

Table J1.3a – Climate zones 4 and 5 have been amended to align with climate zones 1, 2 and 3 for the required R-Value for roof and ceiling construction.

Table J1.3b – The table has been expanded to include values for when the minimum R-Value of ceiling insulation required to satisfy J1.3(a) is less than R2.5.

Table J2.4c – The heat shading multiplier figure for climate zone 8 South orientation sector, where the G value is more than 100 mm but not more than 500 mm and has a P/H value of two, has been amended from 0.75 to 0.50.

J5.2(a)(vii) – The specific examples of applications described that could attain an exemption for an outdoor air economy cycle have been replaced with the generic term of ‘process related applications’, with the existing examples now referenced in the Guide to Volume One.

J5.2(b)(ii) – The defined term ‘outdoor air’ has been included in the provision for clarification.

J5.2(b)(iii)(B) – Minimum ventilation requirements when an atmospheric contaminant monitoring system is installed in a carpark have been relocated to the more appropriate location of F4.11(b) and revised to include a more practical control strategy.

J5.2(d)(iv) – A new sub-clause has been included to exempt a Class 8 electricity network substation from complying with the power for mechanical ventilation requirements of J5.2(b)(iii).

J5.3(b)(iii) – A new sub-clause has been included to exempt a Class 8 electricity network substation from complying with the time switch requirements of J5.3.

J5.5(b)(iv) – A new sub-clause has been included to exempt a Class 8 electricity network substation from the miscellaneous exhaust system requirement of J5.5(a).

J6.1 – The application of part has been reinstated to exempt a Class 8 electricity network substation from compliance with J6.2, J6.3 and J6.5(a)(ii).

Table J6.2a Note – Note 4 to the table has been amended to clarify that a control device which is required by J6.3 is not an allowable adjustment factor under Table J6.2b.

J6.3(d)(ii)(A) – Clarification has been added that a security key card reader must register a person entering and leaving the building.

J8.1 – The application of part has been amended to exempt a Class 8 electricity network substation from compliance with the requirements of Part J8.

Specification J5.4 – Note 2 has been amended to cover applications where local clearances Table 2a adjoining plant do not allow for the installation of insulation.

BCA 2012 Volume 2 “” Part 3.12:

3.12 – A new defined term “house energy rating software” has been included to nominate the acceptable accrediting national scheme for software used to assess the thermal efficiency of a dwelling envelope.

3.12 Explanatory Information – New explanatory information has been included to explain the purpose of the NatHERS scheme.

3.12 – As a consequence of changes to the Australian Government’s Renewable Energy Target scheme the defined term “Renewable Energy Certificate” has been deleted and replaced by a new defined term ‘Small-scale Technology Certificate’.

3.12.0 Explanatory Information – The explanatory information regarding the two options for complying with 3.12.1 to 3.12.4 has been amended to clarify the delineation between the Energy Rating and the Elemental Provisions options.

3.12.0.1 – Reference to the ABCB Protocol for House Energy Rating Software has been removed. The deletion is a consequence of the recognition of NatHERS as the appropriate accreditation scheme for house energy rating software.

3.12.1.2 Explanatory Information – The explanatory information has been amended to correct the terminology used and to align with the solar absorptance values of Table 3.12.1.1a.

Table 3.12.1.1b – The table has been expanded to include values for when the minimum R-Value of ceiling insulation required to satisfy 3.12.1.2(a) is less than R2.5.

Table 3.12.2.1 Note 2 – Note 2 has been amended to clarify the relationship of ventilation opening area and the presence of ceiling fans or evaporative coolers in determining if a habitable room has High air movement.

Table 3.12.2.1 Explanatory Information – Note 4 of the explanatory information has been simplified to a tabular example demonstrating the relationship of ventilation opening area and the presence of ceiling fans.

3.12.4.1(b)(iii) – The term ‘area of floor’ has been replaced with the defined term “floor area” for consistency with Part 3.8.5 and Part 3.12.2.

Table 3.12.4.1 – The term “area of floor” has been replaced with the defined term ‘floor area’ for consistency with Part 3.8.5 and Part 3.12.2.

3.12.5.5(a)(iii) – Clarification has been added that the lighting provisions for a Class 10a building only apply to Class 10a buildings associated with a Class 1 building.

3.12.5.6(b) – Reference to the defined term “Renewable Energy Certificate” has been deleted and replaced by “Small-scale Technology Certificate” as a consequence of changes made to the Australian Government’s Renewable Energy Target scheme.

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